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Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was built to honour Artemis, one of three maiden goddesses of Olympus.
This temple is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
It was built in Ephesus (an ancient city), which today would be near Selcuk, Turkey.
It had to be rebuilt at least three times due to fire, flood and a mob that was determined to destroy it.
Each time it was rebuilt it became larger and even more beautiful and impressive. Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know.

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

 

Interesting Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Facts:

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

  • The Temple of Artemis is also known as the Temple of Diana
  • Artemis was an Olympian God, the daughter of Zeus and Leto. 
  • She was the goddess of the moon, and the goddess of the hunt.
  • She was also the twin sister of Apollo.
  • The first temple was built in approximately 800 BC.
  • The first temple was destroyed in the 7th century.
  • Reconstruction began in 550 BC. It took about 10 years to rebuild it.
  • Some historians say it was destroyed due to a flood. Others believe it was due to war.
  • The second temple was approximately four times larger in area than the previous one.
  • Each time the temple was rebuilt it was on the same site.
  • The Antipater of Sidon, who originally made the list of the Seven Wonders of the World,
    described the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus as being more marvelous than any of the other six wonders.
  • The second time the temple was destroyed it was burned to the ground by Herostratus.
  • He set the fire to make himself famous.
  • It backfired because anyone who spoke his name was then sentenced to death.
  • The fire that Herostratus set took place on the same day that Alexander the Great was being born.
  • Years later, Alexander the Great visited the town and offered to help pay the cost of rebuilding it if they would put his name on it.
  • The townspeople did not want to put his name on it so his name was not engraved anywhere on or in the temple.
  • The temple was finally rebuilt after Alexander the Great died.
  • This temple may have been the first one ever constructed of marble.

More Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

  • It may also be the first building in history ever constructed of marble.
  • An East Germanic tribe (the Goths) destroyed the temple again in 268 A.D.
  • The temple was used at different times as a house of worship and as a marketplace.
  • The third time the temple was built it was 450 feet long x 225 feet wide.
  • It was 60 feet high and had at least 127 columns.
  • The third temple lasted for about 600 years. When it was destroyed by the Goths in 268 A.D.,
    it was never rebuilt.
  • One of the reasons it was not rebuilt was because the cost of construction would have been too high.
  • Some of the columns that were built in Hagia Sophia (a church in Istanbul, Turkey)
    are thought to have been originally part of the Temple of Artemis.
  • The site where the temple once stood is now a swamp.
  • St. John Chrysostom had the temple torn down in 401 A.D.
    Remnants of the temple can be seen in the British Museum in London, England.

    Fun Facts on Temple of Artemis for kids:

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to knowFun

Fact 1 

The Temple of Artemis was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, it was located near to Ephesus in Turkey.

Fun Fact 2
The Temple of Artemis, despite being built in Turkey, was actually a Greek temple which was built in dedication to the Goddess Artemis.

Fun Fact 3
Artemis was the Goddess of the hunt, forests and wild animals and childbirth.
The Arcadians believed Artemis was the daughter of Demeter, in Greek mythology she was described as the daughter of Zeus and the sister of Apollo.

Fun Fact 4
The ancient Greeks worshipped Artemis who is often depicted carrying a bow and arrows.

Fun Fact 5
The temple was rebuilt three times before it was finally destroyed in 401 AD.

Fun Fact 6
Some remains from the foundations of the Temple of Artemis exist at the site near the ancient town of Ephesus today.

Fun Fact 7
The Temple of Artemis is sometimes known as the Temple of Diana; Diana was said to be the Artemis’ Roman equivalent.

Fun Fact 8
During the 7th century BC the Temple of Artemis suffered chronic damage due to flooding.
The destruction was so great that it took around a decade to rebuild the temple.

Fun Fact 9
The Temple of Artemis was reconstructed by King Croesus of Lydia who rebuilt the temple using marble.

Fun Fact 10
Soon after the building was reconstructed it was destroyed by a Greek named man names Herostratus.
Herostratus was an arsonist (someone who deliberately sets things alight);
it is believed that he set fire to the Temple of Artemis in order to become famous for his criminal act.

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

 

Fun Fact 11
After the fire, the Ephesians began rebuilding a larger temple in 323 BC which took years to complete.

Fun Fact 12
This new Temple of Artemis measured approximately 130 meters in length and had supporting columns which measured approximately 18 meters high.
It was this new temple that was declared a wonder of the ancient world. Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

Fun Fact 13
The Temple of Artemis was an important place, many people who visited paid tribute to Artemis with valuable items such as jewellery.
The type of people the visited the sanctuary included kings, merchants and sightseers.

Fun Fact 14
The Temple of Artemis was a sacred site which offered a place of worship and a sanctuary to people for many different reasons including those who were trying to escape punishment.

Fun Fact 15
The remains of the Temple of Artemis remained undiscovered for many years until a British architect and archaeologist known as John Turtle Wood found the site in 1869.

Facts About Temple of Artemis at Ephesus You Need to know

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